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The first two November's day in the Catholic Church in
memory of the dead - All Saints Day (November 1) and Memorial Day deaths
Introduction of the Holy Virgin (Greek Eisodos -
entrance, lat. Praesentatio - present), the Christian festival,
established in memory of apocryphal events from early childhood, the
Blessed Virgin Mary. Celebrated December 4 (21 November for the art.
Style). The Orthodox Church is among the Blessed Mother dvonadesyatyh
Formation of national holidays - is a complex multilevel
process, which affects culture, religion, nation and its history. In the
holidays brighter found national characteristics and relationship to
the collective memory of the people. Most of the holidays is connected
with the real or mythological history of ethnic groups and, in fact, is
currently playing in some sacred event that took place in a mythical
past. You can tell that by participating in a festival event people are
immersed in sacred history, the so-called time of myth that resists the
Tu B'Shvat - the fifteenth day of the Hebrew month
Sh'vat. In ancient times it was the last day of the tax year for trees
that plodonosyly. Any fruit that mature after Tu B'Shvat, was assigned
to the next tax year.
Purim - a holiday in memory of a wonderful depriving Jews
lived in Persia in the middle of V century. BC. BC, from mortal danger.
Pesach, Passover, the holiday that is mentioned in the
Hebrew Bible (Christian Old Testament), established in memory of the
Israelites out of Egypt. Celebrated for seven days in Israel and eight
days in the Diaspora, the beginning of it - on the eve of the 15 th day
of the Jewish month of Nisan (falls in March-April).
Shavuot - the second of three holidays shalosh Regal
(associated with the pilgrimage, aliyat arehel in Beit Amikdash -
Jerusalem Temple). Shavuot falls on the sixth day of the Jewish month of
Sivan, it is celebrated on one day in Israel and two - in the Diaspora,
the scattering of the Jewish countries.
Tisha-B'Av (Fast 9 Av). Day of fasting and mourning that marked Jews. On this day, both were destroyed Yerysalymski Temples - the First and Second. The destruction of the Jerusalem temple - most tragic event in Jewish history.
The Jewish holiday of Rosh Hashanah and stresses in honor
of the world, it symbolizes the new year beginning and end of the year
that passes. There is a legend that in the days of Rosh Hashanah and God
notes in the book of life that awaits fate in the coming year each of
the men: "... who would live and who die, who waits alone, and who -
wandering, who - well-being and Who - laceration who is poverty, and who
- fortune. " Sincere belief in what God wishes all good and well-being,
makes this day a holiday.
The tenth day of the Jewish New Year - Judgement Day (Yom
Kippur) - the day of atonement of sins and the Supreme Court. This is
the only day of the year when the Torah commands man not do nothing but
analyze your actions and thoughts.
The Jewish Feast of Tabernacles, Sukkot begins on the 15
th day of the year (Tishri 15) and lasts 7 days, a time when farmers,
completing a harvest can have a rest before the first rains. The word
"sukka", which made the holy name, translated as "tent" or "cottage" or
"kuschy" and symbolizes the rejection of dangerous in general illusion
that the house of a reliable roof. Safety and reliability very existence
depends on other reasons.
Jewish holiday connected with the end of the annual Torah
reading, going day after the holiday Cukkot, that it may be considered
eighth day of Sukkot holiday. In the diaspora, where holidays are
doubled, Simhat Torah falls on the ninth day of Sukkot.