Carpathian rivers - the road of water tourism
Carpathians - one of the few places in Ukraine, where tourists can make an alloy tubular rivers. And
if ten years ago Vodniki overcome the flow of "retrovyh" catamaran with
wooden oars, now every time they buy better equipment. The number of such tourists is increasing year by year in geometric progression. In the spring of Carpathian rivers often have tens of thousands. Orhanizovuyuchys
alone or in teams under the tutelage of travel agencies, they are in
season from early April to late May are more or less difficult water
route. And most of them at the workshop "crosscountry" kayaks get their dose of adrenaline and autumn.
Kayak, raft, catamaran
Depending on the nature of the river, tourists water rafting for the elect on it one time or another FLOATING EQUIPMENT. However, depending on his "character" (or, rather, training, trick), a tourist chooses and follows the river rafting on it. So, first of splavzasoby, then - on the river and the Carpathian Mountains of what they should expect from travelers.
In water sports, there are two most common means of alloy, which essentially opposite one another: kayaks and rafts. Kayak - a small single canoe, made usually with a strong polyethylene that can withstand the stress and impacts on the rocks. Despite
all their alleged "weakness" in the skillful management of kayaks are
extremely effective tool alloy, which surrendered the most difficult
rivers of the world, is not overcome in any other splavzasobi ...
Raft in the literal translation from English means "raft". It is specially reinforced inflatable boat with round sides, suitable for rafting turbulent waters. Its
main purpose - commercial mixture of tourists, so rafts are usually
quite large ... Anyway, Raft - floating command tool, not a lone
gun-professionals as kayaks.
... Catamaran consists of two inflatable cylinders, interconnected by a strong metal frame. This design is somewhat a compromise between maneuverability, kayaking and cross-resistant rafts. Catamarans are intended for binary alloy, ie hrebtsiv number on each container must be equal. Most popular options - "Deuce" and "Four". In commercial alloys are also used such that up to six and eight people ...
Overview of the Carpathian rivers
rivers that flow in the Carpathians, the easiest way to divide by
geographic location: River Prykarpattya, River District Svidovetskogo
and Montenegrin mountain ranges, rivers north of Ivano-Frankivsk region
and south-western Lviv, Transcarpathian rivers.
main feature of the river slope is that the travel environment is
measured in meters per kilometer (ie, this value indicates how many
meters the flow decreases on the interval of one kilometer). Gradient affects the speed of the river, and thus its complexity for the alloy.
Carpathian River, which mainly belong to the Dniester River basin, distinguished moderate slope and average velocity. These include Stry bottom Cheremosha and Prut, and Solotvynska Bystrica Bystrica Nadvornyanskaya.
The most interesting for the alloy and is known among tourists River District Svidovetskogo and Montenegrin ranges. This flow Prut, Black Cheremosh Cheremosh White, Black Tisza - a povnovodni spring, with a large gradient and speed. And this is what is of interest to extreme ...
... Longer Black Cheremosha runs Vekhovynskyi district of Ivano-Frankivsk region. To
the river from the city, you can get two hours driving way
Ivano-Frankivsk - Nadvornaya - Yaremcha - Vorokhta - Uelzen village - a
His "popular" Black Cheremosh owes to several factors. Firstly, the river is fed by snow from the Montenegrin spurs spine - the highest mountain ridge of Ukraine. This
causes greater than in other rivers of the Carpathians, the spring
(even summer) water level and a longer period of flooding. The average high water level at Cheremosh kept from early April until mid-late May. But during the summer low-water rafting Cheremosh in principle possible. Secondly, the river very easily accrue road, but along the same bed is a good gravel or paved roads. Oh, and thirdly - Valley Cheremosha not too densely populated, has many free lawns on the banks, allowing convenient place camp.
The key, the most interesting and complex area of the river - between the villages of Green and Krasnik. These
ten kilometers away are the main, most complex and famous rapids of the
Black Cheremosha: Dzembronia, White Horse, Huchok, Guk. Here the river is almost continuously pinytsya and flowing with great speed ...
Black Cheremosh during high-water mixture can be made at any of the
listed splavzasobiv, and each option will be elected in their own
Tourists on catamaran or raft will avoid dangerous prytyskiv1, where
the river with all the force of throwing stones at the high splavzasib,
maneuver, trying to get to the "gate" formed by surface and underwater
Floating the river in low water possible, likely, only kayaks ...
Prut, probably second in popularity among tourists water Carpathian river. In conditions of high water this river is sometimes very difficult and its successful passage does honor to anyone. That's just a pity that the water level in the Prut very skittish and unpredictable.
... Interesting for alloy in a medium or high water area of the river from Vorohty to Yaremche, approximately 30 kilometers. Here
there are different thresholds of average complexity, among which you
can identify the three-end Vorohty, Vodospadnyy Mykulychyn near the
village, between the oblique Mikulichine and Kalush. But
the most difficult place of the river - Yaremchanskiy canyon nearly two
miles long, beginning in Yaremche circle Attractions "Huzulschyna" on
the right side and ends in a 200-300 m behind the waterfall near the
Prut river road bridge over the River. Canyon
makes almost non-stop, with short intervals, quite difficult to
overcome the rapids, including Carpathian, clip Dovbusha and, of
course, the waterfall itself. It should be noted that the low-water rafting down the canyon through hard ground and the high - very dangerous. A passage from the waterfall should refrain from any water level.
... Yaremchanskiy canyon of high water is a place difficult to kayakera. High
rainfall, spit chaotic waves and barrels, the need for constant
maneuvering require "vyklastys in all one hundred" in the fight against
river. Rowers raft and catamarans somewhat easier, but they must be extremely careful and cautious. Particular attention is required when approaching a waterfall. As crews are literally 50 meters to approach the shore of the river to avoid the waterfall ...
If you go to Yaremche Yablunitsky pass through towards Rahova soon stranded in the village of Yassin. This spurs on the spine Svidovetskogo flowing Black River Tisza. As Cheremosh spring, it almost always has a high water level. Rafting Tysi of high water, you can start from the village of Black Tisza.
first tubular section of the river near the village of Black Tisa very
long - about two miles, but contains three challenging rapids. Depending on water level, these thresholds can be overcome in the kayak and catamaran. Unfortunately, more splavzasoby here will not work. Thresholds require careful exploration, insurance and bank coordinated action of the whole team.
Tisza River Canyon - the average level of complexity, convenience of
multiple splavu2 because it passes directly over the highway. One of the Tisza River canyon rafting shortcomings are many man-made debris in the rivers of origin and on the banks. Tisza River canyon passage for all types of major splavzasobiv - kayak, raft, catamaran.
In Tysi difficult to find a bed. Valley, which runs the river, narrow, fairly densely populated, but pass along the roads and railways. Therefore, only a few questionable places of convenience, where you can break camp.
White Cheremosh can not avoid attention, talking about the Carpathians rivers. For
the alloy should pick up the White River from the village Usteriky -
where it merged with the Black River - and hence upriver ride dirt
road, first level and then pass only for trucks. Sad
is that the main obstacles White Cheremosha that determine its
complexity, concentrated in the upper river, so avoid traveling on the
truck can not. The lower part of the river is no interest for the alloy is not.
White Cheremosh more wild and picturesque than black. His main obstacles - Thresholds Gorby, pipe, wicket - more complex and interesting than the rapids of the Black Cheremosha. However,
significant deficiencies in the river is that it is difficult to
dovezty splavzasoby, and, again, unsustainable level of water in it. If
the conditions of middle and high river water can be successfully
overcome as a catamaran, and on the raft (and need to undergo
substantial joint efforts of all crew), the low water makes it possible
to pass only the kayak. Note that this river for kayaking quite complicated and can not be recommended for beginners.
1 Prytyska - where river currents to turn power presses splavzasib to coast.
multiple alloy provides that a tourist area is the river with rapids,
the ship, transports splavzasib shore up the flow and splavlyayetsya
same area of the river again.