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18-09-24
18:05

1. Təqdimat Ukrayna istirahət, şəhər Yaremche [23]
2. Prezantimi i pjesës tjetër në Ukrainë, qytet Yaremche [23]
3. Presentation of the rest in Ukraine, city Yaremche [23]
4. عرض الباقي في أوكرانيا، Yaremche المدينة [23]
5. Aanbieding van die res in die Oekraïne, die stad Yaremche [23]
6. Aurkezpena Ukrainan gainerako, hiria Yaremche [23]
7. Прэзентацыя Адпачынку ва Украіну, горад Яремче [23]
8. Представяне на почивка в Украйна, гр. Yaremche [23]
9. Trình bày của các phần còn lại tại Ukraina, thành phố Yaremche [23]
10. Cyflwyniad o'r gweddill yn yr Wcrain, Yaremche ddinas [23]
11. Ներկայացում մնացածը Ուկրաինայում, քաղաքը Yaremche [23]
12. Prezantasyon rès la nan Ikrèn, Yaremche lavil [23]
13. यूक्रेन में आराम की प्रस्तुति, शहर Yaremche [23]
14. Presentatie van de rest in de Oekraïne, de stad Yaremche [23]
15. Παρουσίαση της υπόλοιπης στην Ουκρανία, πόλη Yaremche [23]
16. პრეზენტაცია დანარჩენი უკრაინაში, ქალაქ Yaremche [23]
17. Presentación do resto da Ucraína, cidade Yaremche [23]
18. Præsentation af resten i Ukraine, by Yaremche [23]
19. Ettekanne ülejäänud Ukraina linn Yaremche [23]
20. מצגת של שאר באוקראינה, בעיר Yaremche [23]
21. פּרעזענטירונג פון די מנוחה אין אוקריינא, שטאָט יאַרעמטשע [23]
22. Penyajian sisanya di Ukraina, kota Yaremche [23]
23. Cur i láthair ar an chuid eile san Úcráin, chathair Yaremche [23]
24. Kynning á hvíla í Úkraínu, borg Yaremche [23]
25. Presentación del resto de Ucrania, ciudad Yaremche [23]
26. Presentazione del resto in Ucraina, città Yaremche [23]
27. Presentació de la resta d'Ucraïna, ciutat Yaremche [23]
28. 介绍在乌克兰各地,市Yaremche [23]
29. 其餘介紹在烏克蘭,城市Yaremche [23]
30. 프레 젠 테이션 우크라이나의 나머지 부분, 도시 Yaremche [23]
31. Presentation of Ukraine ceteris civitas Yaremche [23]
32. Iepazīstināšana ar pārējo Ukrainā, pilsētas Yaremche [23]
33. Pristatymas Ukrainoje poilsio, miestas Yaremche [23]
34. Презентација на одмор во Украина, градот Yaremche [23]
35. Penyajian sisanya di Ukraine, bandar Yaremche [23]
36. Preżentazzjoni tal-bqija fl-Ukrajna, belt Yaremche [23]
37. Präsentation der Rest in der Ukraine, Stadt Yaremche [23]
38. Presentasjon av resten i Ukraina, by Yaremche [23]
39. ارائه تفریح و سرگرمی در اوکراین ، شهرستان Yaremche [23]
40. Prezentacja reszta na Ukrainie, miasto Jaremcze [23]
41. Apresentação do resto da Ucrânia, cidade Yaremche [23]
42. Презентация Отдыха в Украину, город Яремче [12]
43. Prezentarea restul în Ucraina, oraş Yaremche [23]
44. Презентација остатак у Украјини, град Иаремцхе [23]
45. Prezentácia zo zvyšku na Ukrajine, mesto Yaremche [23]
46. Predstavitev počitka v Ukrajini, mesto Yaremche [23]
47. Uwasilishaji wa mapumziko ya Ukraine, mji Yaremche [23]
48. การนำเสนอส่วนที่เหลือในยูเครน, เมือง Yaremche [23]
49. Sunum Ukrayna dinlenme, şehir Yaremche [23]
50. Bemutatása a többi ukrajnai városban Yaremche [23]
51. Презентація Відпочинку в Україні, місто Яремче [10]
52. ڈیمو یوکرائن میں باقی کی، شہر Yaremche [23]
53. Pagtatanghal ng mga pahinga sa Ukraine, lungsod Yaremche [23]
54. Esittely loput Ukrainan kaupunki Yaremche [23]
55. Présentation du reste en Ukraine, ville Yaremche [23]
56. Prezentacija odmora u Ukrajini, gradu Yaremche [23]
57. Prezentace ze zbytku na Ukrajině, město Yaremche [23]
58. Presentation av resten i Ukraina, stad Yaremche [23]
59. プレゼンテーションウクライナの残りの部分、都市Yaremche [23]



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Головна » Статті » Presentation of the rest in Ukraine, city Yaremche » 3. Presentation of the rest in Ukraine, city Yaremche

About 200 species of fungi have settled in the Ukrainian Carpathians.

About 200 species of fungi have settled in the Ukrainian Carpathians.


About 200 species of fungi have settled in the Ukrainian Carpathians. In shape and color of mushrooms are so diverse that you can get past them and not even notice it. Similar to the flowers and the wings of butterflies, for bowl and eggs, umbrellas and pavuchkiv, and patychky balls, ribbons and Ruche, hats and caps, they seized and edge lawns, slopes and alpine meadows and even a steep slope.

Actually what we call a mushroom is the fruit of the forest organism. Some fruits are formed in one day, others ripen several weeks. Mushrooms grow very quickly. A few hours can stretch up to 5-7 cm to the majority of 3 to 6 days to grow the most. The largest among the 60 species of edible mushrooms are Carpathian Borovik. Total weight of its fruit body can be up to 3 kg. In the Carpathians, there are often white mushrooms weighing over one kilo. Every mountaineer can usually tell a colorful story, once came across a giant.

Hutsuls know that the mountains and forests, rivers and streams, meadows, winds and clouds - living entity. Since ancient times, locals communicate with the outside world: with the elements of nature, with animals and plants, from trees, grasses and mushrooms ....

In the forest they will welcome in the spirits were there and asked to baskets were full. A fungus found, thank you.

Wonder where our ancestors knew that recently opened a modern science. None of the mountaineers not eliminate toadstool, amanita not we shall shake, not crush crinkle. In relations with others are governed by expediency and awareness to understand that all that exists. This past few decades, say scientists. They caution against destruction of inedible mushrooms, because they are part of the exchange of plant nutrients. Podiceps, for example, promote growth and development of shrubs and herbs: oselyayuchys on indigenous, get them from carbohydrates, but prefer moist with dissolved minerals.

In food value, scientists say, mushrooms do not yield meat, vegetables and even fruit! By number of easily digestible protein and fat mushrooms far outweigh the bread, cereals, and beef. In kilograms of dried boletus protein twice more than in the animal meat. And three times more than the fish. Mushrooms contain many minerals: potassium, sodium, zinc, manganese, iron, copper, iodine, sulfur. Total 10 g pidpenkiv enough to meet the daily requirement of copper and zinc, are important for the process of hematopoiesis. And phosphorus and calcium in almost the same as in fish. In fungi encountered 8 amino acids. In combination with extractive and aromatic substances, they stimulate digestion. And how many vitamins! A, B1, B2, C, D, PP - they are particularly rich forest these gifts. Vitamin A in most chanterelles, saffron, and brown boletus. Thiamine (B1) in pidosychnyku no less than in cereal products. Pidpenky contain it as much as baking yeast. Some of the fungi on the content of riboflavin (B2) superior to vegetables and cereals. And if you consider the content of niacin (PP), this product is coming for biological activity to the liver.

Edible mushrooms are divided into 4 groups according to nutritional and taste qualities. First - the most delicious, rich in protein, vitamins and minerals. This - Borovik, delicious saffron, milk mushrooms. The second include mushrooms, whose pulp is not so gentle: pidosychnyky, brown, butter mushrooms, Polish mushroom, mushrooms. The third group - Smorzhiv, chanterelle, boletus, pidpenky, russule, Kozlyuk. The fourth - all the other mushrooms. Local residents in the Carpathians fungi classified in its own: favorite - white or "real" mushroom. And all the rest.

When mushrooms appear? Their time - from June to late October. And there are those that grow only in certain seasons. Spring - wrinkles, May holubinky. Pidpenky pavutynnyky real and occur only in spring. But winter pidpenky appear with the first snow. Rusty, have a yellowish pulp, slightly smaller than their summer and autumn relatives. Settled mostly in hollows. In Europe they are raised on the remains of timber industry.

Only a week or two takes the first wave of mushrooms. It begins in late May - early June, flowering ash. Early mushrooms grow in well-lit areas. Season open white, brown, russule. Real Mushroom festival begins in the second half of June. For several weeks in the woods appears most edible mushrooms. The third wave - the longest. From mid August to early November, the diversity of fungi. It is believed that the peak mushroom season determines the yellowing leaves of birch trees. At this time almost all types of growing mushrooms.

Mycologist (scientists studying fungi) recorded many phenological phenomena. For example, mushrooms "Snowdrops". They were found during the thaw, in late November or even December. In 1984 in Transcarpathia boletus grown under snow most of the new year! A few years later they exceeded russule. Living Mizhgirya lasuvaly mushrooms in January! A very warm at the beginning of May 1993 there appeared Oiler.

It is unknown how many mushrooms grow in one place. The longest researchers observed them under the same trees for 12 years.

Precipitation, temperature, sunlight, altitude, wind speed - natural factors that affect whether the mushrooms grow in a particular location. There are forests, where not even pohanok - through the specific composition of the soil. Another factor - anthropogenic. Active human intervention in forest life is not in favor of mushrooms. Reducing celebrate their harvests and local residents, and foresters. Recent changes explain this general environment that made the industrial preparation of mushrooms and continuous felling of trees.

Fresh, bitter, sour, sweet, salty, sharp, sharp, or just unpleasant - so fresh mushrooms to taste. Dry, sticky, covered with slime - to touch. Naked, smooth, scaly, fibrous, with a ring of Cortina, with Volvo, or without all this - in appearance. Mush their hat is gelatinous, slimy, voskovatym, leathery, cork and even derevystym. A smell of aniseed, cinnamon, flour, herring, sperm, wood, radish, garlic or onions, apples and even strawberries.

Different woods are rich in various fungi. Only in the Carpathian beech forests growing one of the best edible mushrooms - Caesar's amanita, known as a zhovtyuh and yayeshnyk. Even the ancient Romans considered it the first among other mushrooms to taste. Zhovtyuh is a form of Borovik, a bright - red, pink or orange - the bonnet. Appears in July. Originally from the earth showing the egg white - that sort of mushroom wrapped in blankets. Later they proryvayutsya and on top vytykayetsya colored cap. Yayeshnyk - a rare fungus. Its listed in the Red Book.

Neighbor zhovtyuha in beech forest is Borovik Fehtnera. It has a grayish-white hat, which turn blue when manual closed. Occasionally there is under the pines and firs in the highlands. But schyryak, voit, grandmother, Bilyak, true fungus - white mushroom - it likes to coniferous and mixed forests of mountain foothills. Buvaltsi advise finding one white, carefully search the area around.

Truffles - especially delicious mushrooms. In the Carpathians - not uncommon. The locals call these underground fruits hrupilem, bruvleyu, excavation heart. Buy them in mixed forests under old oaks, in August. Tell it that the mushroom over the place at sunset winds komashok swarm. Winged allegedly kept his underling: the least danger alerts woodman, who must guard the heart of earthlings. And he napuskaye eyes mist, gives riot. In fact, insects are attracted by the aroma of mushrooms. In the Carpathian forests grow two kinds of truffles: black and white - Baranovka, white heart.

In mixed forests most common edible mushrooms. Faint mushroom, goat's lip, grill pid'yayeshnyk in mycology - cracked boletus, growing on the fringe, well heated sun places. Similar to his Polish mushroom or pisochnyk. Season - from July to late October. At this time there are also goatherd (pidhryb, dragonfly dark brown) and krasnoholovets (red dragonfly, Krasnyuk, pidosykovyk) pidpenky summer. Cap decorated with multicolored Carpathian forests russule - red, pink, purple, blue, yellow, white, grayish. Among them is the most delicious greeny russule - shablyachka. These mushrooms grow in the foothills and the Rocky Gorgan. Horyany not honor them too. They collect only syroyizhok caps. A syvulky and holubinky and most remain in the forest to eat its small inhabitants.

Coniferous forests, in addition to these fungi are rich in butter mushrooms (maslyanyky, dragonflies) and reshitnyky (kozlyaky). They grow on logging, the young trees. By contrast, chanterelles families vydryapuyutsya kamenysti on mountain slopes. Similarly, small groups settled among young fir and spruce, on the high places, forest edges and gaps rydz, horn, ryzhiy - saffron delicious.

Chasnychnyk big - little-known edible mushroom beech forests. Grows from June to October. It has whitish-gray hat. Local residents often use it as a seasoning for the smell and taste very similar to the garlic mixture with onions.

Oyster (kalichky, hlyvachky) is also normal inhabitants of beech forests. They grow in the hollows of trees, near the stubs - to thirty families of fungi. Appear in late summer. In many countries, oyster, like mushrooms, are grown on special plantations.

Champignons, mushrooms, pecharky found in meadows, in gardens and towns, in suburbs, along uzlis. May-October - the season of mushrooms. However, they rarely occur mushroomers. But busyachoho cheese (he is lame mushroom wolf tobacco, or raincoat) here a lot. This mushroom smells of radish and mellow, yet still white pulp.

How to gather mushrooms? Shear, twist or break from the earth, so as not to damage the mycelium? Scientifically proven that none of the above methods will not cause substantial damage to mushrooms. However, given the structure of the legs better "break" pipe - saffron, russule, holubinky. I "collect", ie removing or cut, lamellar mushrooms - white, brown, butter mushrooms and more. Enjoy your hunt!
So they - mushrooms in the Carpathians


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