Day of Saints Peter and Paul
Peter and Paul especially esteemed as disciples of Jesus Christ after his death and resurrection of Christ began to preach and spread the teachings of the Gospel throughout the world.
This holiday was originally introduced in Rome by bishops whose teachings are considered the heirs of the Western Church of St Peter, and then spread in other Christian countries.
Peter (the original name Simon) was engaged in fishing and was called by Jesus Christ to the apostles, along with his brother Andrew. Peter gets the name of Jesus Kifa ("stone") and the appointment of a "foundation" of the church of Christ, he handed over keys of the kingdom of heaven. According to the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, this appellation (and especially the word about the "keys to the kingdom of heaven") indicates that Peter was given real power and legal authority and that these powers - the power that the church will be the end times - should be transferred to his heirs. Peter was the first of the apostles, whom Christ appeared after his resurrection. After the death of Christ, Peter was engaged in pastoral activity.
13 When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples: Who do people say that the Son of man?
14 They answered: "Some John the Baptist, some say Elijah, others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.
15 He said to them: But for who I am?
16 And Simon Peter answered and said: Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God!
17 And Jesus answered and said unto him: Blessed art thou, Simon son of Jonah, for flesh and blood revealed it unto thee, but my heavenly Father.
18 And I say unto thee, that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the powers Hades shall not prevail against it.
19 And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven! Hide
Church transfer calls Peter the Roman bishop.
In the Catholic Church, according to Peter's position as head of the apostles and the successor of Christ, a doctrine of the primacy of the Pope as the sole head of the church.
Quote of the Gospel of Matthew 16
Paul (Saul to baptism), first from Christian writers whose works have come to us and most authoritative figure in the history of Christian thought. His views have played a huge role in shaping Christianity as an independent religion.
Paul was born in Tarsus of Cilicia maloaziyskomu (now in Turkey) in the Pharisaic Jewish family but had a family of Roman citizenship Veniaminova knees (Acts 23:6). Devotee of Jewish law, Saul cruelly persecuted Christians, believing that it is malicious heretical teaching. Having experienced the miraculous vision of the way to Damascus, Saul was baptized and became an ardent preacher of Christianity among the pagans. Paul is honored as pershoprestolnyy church apostle. Church ascribes to him 14 messages included in the New Testament.
Both accept the apostle martyred for the faith of Christ in one day (67 AD) in Rome. Paul, a Roman citizen, "downgraded the sword" (ie, headless), Peter was crucified. Because he believed that not worthy to be crucified on the cross, the Savior, he, at their own request, crucified upside down. He was buried on Vatican hill, and over his burial place at this time is the main altar of St. Peter.
Day of Saints Peter and Paul Catholic celebrated June 29 and 12 July Orthodox.