Feast of Sacrifice (Kurban Bayram, Eid al-Adha)
Eid al-Kurban (Kurban Bairam, Eid al-Adha) - feast of sacrifice. In 2006, the holiday falls on January 10. This holiday is part of the Muslim rite of pilgrimage to Mecca, it is celebrated in the valley of Mina near Mecca on the tenth day of the 12 th month of the Muslim lunar calendar zul-Hijra and lasts 3-4 days. Certainly, not all Muslims can perform the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, to participate in the main Muslim holy and very sacred place for sacrifice, because the canons of Islam require Muslims to perform ritual culminating part not only in Mecca, but wherever Muslims may find themselves.
Mythology of the holidays comes from the biblical story of the attempt brought the patriarch Abraham (in Arabic - Ibrahim), his son Isaac as a sacrifice to God. However, in place of Isaac bible Muslim tradition puts Ismail, considering his eldest son, and Isaac, with Muslim beliefs, - the second son of Abraham. For this devotion, and God rewarded charity Ibrahim, replacing the sacrifice of Ismail rams.
Celebrate the day of sacrifice, even if it happens in Mecca, beginning in the early morning. Barely rozvydnytsya, Muslims go to mosque for morning prayers, but must be completely pre-washing, wear new clothes and neat as possible to grease themselves spices. Before the prayer is recommended not to eat. After the morning namaz (prayer) believers are returning home, and then, if desired, teams gather on the street or in yards where the choir sing praises to Allah (takbyr). Then they go back to the mosque or in specially equipped places where Mullah or immam-Khatib delivers a sermon.
After the sermon Muslims usually go to the cemetery to pray for the dead and worship the local saints. After returning from the cemetery and taken to the sacrificial rite, a sign of readiness to serve God. For Muslims sacrifice fatten specially selected animal. Sometimes, Muslims prepared to donate an animal decorate various magical amulets, bright colored paint, beads and bells weight wrong.
Muslim, completing a slaughter should not skimp on food, it is necessary to feed the poor and hungry. Ritually treat (hudoyi, Sadako) arranged for the prevention of various diseases and misfortunes.
Relatives, friends and relatives in the days of the holiday trying to make gifts. In the following days after the holiday usually pay a visit to relatives and close friends since the days of visiting holy sacrifice is blessed and desirable.