On Gucul'schini the waxen technique of painting of eggs is widely
widespread by special pisal'cya. On the south of Podillya, the technique of «kraplennya» - dripping snow a beeswax is applied Bukovina on an
egg. On Prikarpatti, the technicians of «shkrabannya», «dyeings», are widespread Volini, from here and the names of pisanok are easter «eggs», «galunki», «malevanki». Easter eggs appeared considerably later from pisanok. They are cooked and dye in natural dyes. Easter eggs
eat. Pisanki never cook and does not eat, «that not to kill manpower of
embryo». They are granted and keep as a sacred talisman.
Proceeding to painting, every pisankarka must have a plan is certain in the imagination, layout of elements
chart on-the-spot egg. It is important to provide oneself patiences and execute
everything consistently: from simple to difficult, from general to the details,
not beginning to the bustle in advance.
Technology of the waxen painting of pisanok foresees a gradual transition in painting from light
to the darkest tints by imposition of colors. If there must be a green color on
pisanci, then these places
preliminary must be recovered a brush yellow and blue. Will get green. That to
get dark blue, recover white dark blue or blue and cover a beeswax. In the pas
utillized natural paints (decoction from the husk of bow, oak, aldern bark,
will insist a st-john's-wort and others like that). Today - mostly aniline dyes
for painting of wool. For making of pisanki a natural bee beeswax is needed.
У pour a pivlitrovu jar glass of boiling water in which dissolve one
tea-spoon of dye. For painting of egg utillize home-made pisachek as a little metallic watering-can, stuck in wooden derzhachek. For work it is needed even three pisachki with openings of different diameter, which abandon
the lines of different thickness. At making of pisanok it is necessary to adhere to the following sequence:
1. Preparation. Choose raw chicken, duck or ancerine eggs with a strong
rough shell, wash clean water and dry out.
2. Rozkreslennya. Putting elbows on a table and taking an egg in a left
arm, and pencil of middle hardness in to the right, on the top of more sharp
end put a cross the ends of which continue on all of perimeter. Thus will get
the division of egg meridians on four parts. Execute the transversal division
of egg also, inflicting parallels. If lines go out nerivni, that in the first works is often, they easily can be
wiped elastic. Pisankarki with experience write pisachkom at once, without the previous ruling by a pencil.
3. Causing of picture by a beeswax. Like there is painting of pisachkom. Till to conduct them lines on an egg, it is
necessary warm up a beeswax and, vmoknuvshi for him pisachek, check up a
thickness and quality of line on a paper. Pisachek needs to be put athwart and
densely, not tearing away him from the surface of egg. In the process of work,
when a beeswax overtakes, warm up him on flame of candle. For the successful
painting of pisachek from time to time
it is needed to clean, warming up on a fire. Inflicting a beeswax on a white
egg, we protect the places of decorative pattern these same from the action of
paint. They will remain white.
4. Painting. Before the first painting dip an egg on 10 seconds in
vinegar solution (take two soupspoons of vinegar on glass of water). After it
lay an egg in the first, lightest paint (yellow) and hold until it will not
collect the saturated color. Farther take out him a spoon from a jar, rinse
cold water, slightly promokaemo a rag and dry out. Then again draw a beeswax. These places will remain
yellow, as will be protected from a next paint - more dark (for example,
orange). In such sequence inflict all of colors from more light to more dark
(we will say so: yellow, orange, red, cherry, black).
5. Removal of beeswax. Farther from a raw egg warm up pisanku 10-15 minutes in an oven at a temperature 80 degrees.
Beeswax slightly pom’yakne. Yet a bit warming pisanku on flame of candle or kagancya, take off a beeswax a rag. Pisankaisready.