In July, 1015 in Birch-bark
Vladimir Velikiy died under Kyiv. Heirs there was much for him - a fight for
the Kievan «table», which princes always conducted without the special moral
principles, began. Yes, Svyatopolk (in history remained under a nickname
Damned) began with that which sent the hired killers to the brothers of Boris
and Gliba. Afterwards they were kanonizovani and became the first christian saints of Kievan
Russia. After their death on the throne of Svyatopolk considered a drevlyanskogo prince Svyatoslava Vladimir the main competitor. Feeling a threat, that
tried to escape to Hungary, but the army of insidious brother went after him on
one of meadows of Carpathians (natural boundary of Svyatoslav’e). Afterclaps
were represented by Nestor in the «Story of vremennikh
In a bloody (and after a
chronicle - to very bloody) battle a chairman was «split» off a prince to
Svyatoslavu, and exactly from this Old Russian verb one of raycentriv of
the Lvov area takes the name - will Split off. Killers went after daughter of
prince Parashku on the top of fellow creature... The mountain of Parashka has a
height 1236 meters above a sea level and today is one of tourist objects of
Lvov. Svyatopolk offered to the warriors of Svyatoslava, which remained living
after a cruel fight, to pass to him on service. Without regard to a threat for
life, those renounced, left military business and founded a settlement. Named -
Slavske. Winnows the events of severe remoteness and from the names local year:
Resistance, Warbler, Slavchik.
It is needed to add, that
murders of brothers did not help the «damned» prince to become firmly
established on a throne - in four years, in 1019, his army was broken up by the
regiments of Yaroslava Wise. Svyatopolk was injured in a battle and died during
escape somewhere on a border between Poland and Czekh.
And the first writing mention
about Slavske is dated 1483. Extract from judicial a document testifies that
gentry Ivanko Didich designed rights for the woman Mary on the half of propert
which belonged to him in Well and Slavskomu Peremishlyanskogo to the district.
Who opened Trostyan
mountain-skier history of Slavskogo is begun
with the mountain of Pogar, where in 30th of the last century Poland built the
first primitive self-control and springboard. Then for transporting, probably,
not poor sportsmen were utillized horse force and ordinary dignity. Horse
walked on a circle and twisted a large wheel which a rope was winded on. In
1960 year tailings of this building were found by the group of enthusiasts of
mountain-skiing under the direction of Anatolia Arkchangelsk. Presently the
name of this man is adopt a street which passes without regard to the base of
«Dynamo» and is beginning of road to the mountain of Trostyan (1232 meters). In
fact, in essence, Trostyan for wide mountain-skier public Anatoliy
Arkhangel'skiy opened actually. He a lot of years worked in society of «Dynamo»
and was an initiator and leader of building of almost all of local sporting
infrastructure. The real history of mountain-skier Slavskogo began exactly for
William Shkol'nikov, present
deputy of director NSB «Dynamo», works in Slavskomu from 1975 year. That
Arkchangelsk which usually picked up people zealous and decisive in the
«command» invited him. Yet before William Shkol'nikov arrived here in quality
of participant of the first Ukrainian competitions from the speed lowering. It happened
in 1961 year. Then on Trostyani there yet was neither a krisel'noy
road (2750 meters) nor six Czech self-controls (the first was built in 1968).
After official part sportsmen on foot went to the top for a start. According to
a mister William, all of houses in Slavskomu were then thatch-roofed - he does
not remember slate and tiled roofs.
It already was then built base
of «Dynamo» into 180 places, dormitory for sportsmen on Trostyani, biathlon
stadium, and six slalom routes were certificated after world standards for the
leadthrough of international competitions. At the beginning of 1970th the real
influx of tourists began from all of the USSR. Accordingly began to reform and
The real skiers do not dance
On official statistics,
presently Slavske visit approximately 100 thousand tourists on a year, and
after unofficial - tenfold anymore. Guests are settled with a comfort or with a
luxury, feed deliciously, arrange them equestrian walks on sledges, warm saunas
and pools for them, billiards and ping-pong offer, start in sky on paragliders,
that are any services on any taste and pocket-book. Probably, exactly for such
variety of choice in correlation «price-quality» settlement and uses
hesitate in a wide range. Dwelling in a private sector costs from 50 to 100
hryvnyas for days, a feed is 30-40 hryvnyas, rental of pattens and snoubordiv -
to 50 hryvnyas. And the guests of new «lyuksirnikh» hotels often in
general take no the notice on prices... Again, all depends on desires and
possibilities. Stove a season is New Year. Prices on holidays also - spades.
Even on the extreme enough road
to the lifts (By gas, Uazom, 4-8 hryvnyas from a passenger) everybody can find
on your own or good portion of adrenalin on an instant, or terrible impressions
for a long time. By the way, according to William Shkol'nikova, this year the
famous «lack of roads on Trostyan» must improve for facilities of settlement
advice and base of «Dynamo».
Unique, what Slavskomu does not
have, so it to ATM. A cashier talks in local savings Bank, that by cards
however much nobody uses, and all bring currency a cash on a hand. From дискотечно-танцювальних entertainments - only one club «Lemon». Zealous
skiers talk: «If drove well, better in all is a hot dry sauna, delicious
kitchen and good sleep. What there dances!». (But «citrusoviy» disko-bar
not pustue also).
It is possible and good to
drive. From Trostyana - almost in any side - Center, North, the West. Here
everybody will find on your own a route and cheap and hot meal simply on a top.
There are turns on lifts, that is why people often migrate about. So «hurry»
crowd - both on the western side of mountain or on a north.
A mountain of Pogar (857 meters)
is two self-controls for 800 and 700 meters, mountain Politekhnik (173 meters)
- only for beginners, also two bugel'ni self-controls - 500 and 700 meters. In general,
lately every unpoor resort hotel tries to build an own lift. And here snow
«cannons» do not yet utillize in Slavskomu, that is why pleasure from rolling
is often tied to the capricious weather.
To the list of advantages of
Slavskogo it is possible boldly to add a successful geographical location. From
Lvov - 120 kilometres, almost on a motorway Kyiv-Chep. If to ride from the
capital, for a few kilometres from will Split off there is a turn on Slavske.
Yet 20 kilometres - and you in place. In addition, through the local station
all of appetences pass in sending of Uzhgoroda and farther to Slovakia and
Hungary. Accordingly, and in reverse direction also. Stop here, true, of short
duration - two minutes. Time almost is not on reflections.
A tourist object, which does not
depend on time of year, presence or absence of snow, is in Slavskomu on the
streets of Sichevikh Sagittarius, house, interesting № 2. Museum of Carpathians
of liberation fight of Ukraine of George Mikol'skogo. Sometimes in this
establishment can visit for a day from ten of excursion groups. An owner names
the «offspring» modestly - by collection, as in placing of exhibits does not
adhere to the canons of museum business. For a visit a mister George does not
take a money and asks, that and guides which bring tourists here plugged his
museum in the program free of charge for sightseers.
Mikol'skogo is placed in two small houses. The two third of exhibits belong to
the military subject: orders, helmets, sabres, rifles, shell shells (most -
from an austrian mortar by a caliber 30,5 centimetres), automats et cetera the
«Peaceful» display: books (on the honoured place are «Kobza-players» of rarity
of edition 1862, 1907 and 1912), various tools, medallions, горнятка-ножі-виделки, bucket of the buttons and others like that. A lot of
originals of underground editions of UPA and among them is samvidavniy
obituary on death Romana Shukhevicha.
The theme of liberation fight is
so near George Mikol'skomu, that he built in a court own kriivku.
Excursion to it an owner usually begins an unexpected tirade. «Tovarisch
colonel, in radiusepyatimetrovobnaruzhen bunker of bandyburzhuaznykhnacionalistov. Make an attempt ego to
find», - a mister George asks from khitrinkoy, by submitting from itself fighter of speczagonu
NKVD. (Indeed, to find uneasily, especially, if almost know nothing about UPA).
Farther a mister George (now already in a role of underground worker) goes near
laying with firewoods and talks quietly: «Stepan, Stepan - it I». The small
area of laying appears doors, somewhere there is the key in a hiding-place.
almost all is reproduced how worldly-wise in actual fact: well, stove-burzhuyka,
radio receiver and portable radio transmitter, weapon, printing typewriter,
gas-masks, cards and yet many necessary things. All of local exhibits are
originals. Mulyazhnimi is only figures of Romana Shukhevicha, Vasiliy Kuka and
radio operator - kriivka is planned a staff.
George Mikol'skiy talks that this excursion often
makes the outstanding impression on foreign tourists, especially Germans and
Frenches, and group of women-teachers from Donetsk once said goodbye to the
owner of museum, saying choir: «Did not yet die and will not die!»...