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Головна » 2011 » Травень » 9 » Nature
20:21
Nature

Nature
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Yaremche and region are located in the cavity of the mountains, within Gorgan (mountains, which have asymmetric slopes and sharp ridges of mountains). Yaremche is located in the southwestern part of the Ivano-Frankivsk region and occupies the central part of the Ukrainian Carpathians within rock formations Gorgan, Pokuts'ka-Bukovina Carpathians and Chernogori. The heights of mountains ranging from 400 m to 1542 Yaremche surrounded by mountains from all sides: from the south and southwest ridge Yavirnik, the event - Schyvka, Montenegrins, Synyachka in the east - Makovytsya.

Geographical location and topography


Yaremche and region are located in the cavity of the mountains, within Gorgan (mountains, which have asymmetric slopes and sharp ridges of mountains). Yaremche is located in the southwestern part of the Ivano-Frankivsk region and occupies the central part of the Ukrainian Carpathians within rock formations Gorgan, Pokuts'ka-Bukovina Carpathians and Chernogori. The heights of mountains ranging from 400 m to 1542 Yaremche surrounded by mountains from all sides: from the south and southwest ridge Yavirnik, the event - Schyvka, Montenegrins, Synyachka in the east - Makovytsya.


There Yaremchanskogo land located Carpathian National Nature Park, was formed on 3 June 1980, according to the Council of Ministers USSR number 376, is of national importance and is part of nature reserve fund of Ukraine. The park is 50 495 ha. The relief of the national park took a long time: about 35 million years ago in this area existed Ocean Tennis. At the bottom of the ocean nasharovuvalysya sand, clay, limestone, which, after the retreat of water and desolate for a reward under the influence of natural external factors created the modern mountain.

Rivers / waterfalls / sources

The main river that flows through Yaremchanskiy cuts are Prut. The origins of the river begins on the northern slopes Chornogory above an altitude of 1750 meters above sea level. Major tributaries of the Prut - Prutets Yablunyts'kyi, Zhonka stone, Piha, Prutets Chemegivs'kyi, Homulets. Every year on the river Prut are international and nationwide competitions for rafting and kayaking amateur alloys.

Waterfalls


There are 3 waterfalls Yaremchanshyny:
The highest waterfall on the river Prut is "Hook", which is located on the reserve near the village Mykulychyn.
Waterfall "Break" on the Prut River is second in the souvenir market. Waterfall cascading falls.
On the river falls waterfall Prutets Chemihovskyy "Kaplyvets" Mikulichina nearby.

Sources


There Yaremchanskogo region are many mineral springs, including chloride, carbonate, sulfate, hydrocarbonate mineral waters like Borjomi, Narzan, Essentuki, Arzni. Especially well-known hydro-carbonate and calcium sodium water, called "Burkut.

Sources Yaremchanskogo region:

• Vorokhta PONDV Blvd. 10
• Yamnyanske PONDV, source
• Tatarovskogo PONDV, source, recreation center, "Rebrovach" (village Vorokhta)
• Source Pozhyzhevska near g.
• Source, recreational zone "Hoverla
• Source, recreational zone "Rebrovach" (village Vorokhta)
• Yaremchansky PONDV (estate)
• Source Yamna (near the road)


Flora


In the Carpathian National Park there are about 1100 species of plants (54% of flora of the Ukrainian Carpathians). The main type of plants in the Carpathian park is coniferous forests, especially spruce and silver fir, pine forest. In coniferous trees in a national park common beech forests, mostly in the basin of the Prut River.

Grasslands National Park vegetation consists of different trees, shrubs and chaharnychkamy, including the last common blueberries, cranberries, cranberry, prostrate willow, naselnitsy. Many species, including korenebulbystyh and bulbous - snowdrop, spring bilotsvit, saffron Heyfeliv listed in the Red Book. Statistics show the following: Of 132 species of higher vascular plants of the Carpathians, which are listed in the second edition of the Red Book of Ukraine, 80 grow in the Carpathian Park.

Fauna


In the Carpathian Park resides a multitude of different species of living organisms - from the simplest to mammals. The park has 48 species of mammals, 110 birds, 11 fish, 10 amphibians, 6 reptiles, the Red Book of Ukraine included 32 representatives of local fauna.
The most common in the national park is a large number of birds, rodents, and somewhat less predators and live cloven-hoofed. Birds represented by such species bullfinch and Gorikhivka, buzzard, grouse Carpathian, thrush, white and spinal trohpalyy woodpecker.

With the spread of small mammals: burozubka small, simple and alpine; kutory small mouse and zhovtohorla Pripyat, dark field vole, squirrel Carpathian, the snow and had a mink, gray Gyroscopes, forest and horishnykovyy.

Since most common artiodactyl Carpathian deer, roe deer, wild boar. Less frequently occur and the stone marten, badger, wolf, wild cat, lynx, otter and stoat and brown bear.

In mountain streams Trout stream. Since amphibians are frequent tritons Alpine and Carpathian, spotted salamander, frog - hostromorda and grass, with creeping - veretilnytsya, snake, copperhead, snake usual, lizards. Carpathian National Park is a natural habitat for some species and subspecies of fauna.


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