History of home town - Yaremche, Yaremcha, Yaremchi.
History of home town
- Yaremche, Yaremcha, Yaremchi.
Yaremche - one of
important townships of today Carpathians, first remembered in historical
sources in 1727 year. On this time Yaremche was a small farm, which counted ten
of families. The first documentary mention about Yaremche is dated 1787, as prisilok of village of Dora.
The name of Yaremche is
related to one of the first settlers of this territory, which carried the name
Yarema. Different sources reminisce Yaremu Godovancya, peasant-fugitive which
settled on this territory
settlement was not too frisky up to the construction of railway. A local population
was engaged in the typical types of works - breeding of animals (cows, sheep,
goats), economy. At that time people built wooden houses, made clothes from
sheep wool and hemps, from the skin of sheep sewed clothes on the winter -
sheepskin coats, sleeveless jackets, to the houses made bedspreads and sardaki.
From the XIX item
Yaremche begins to develop as a resort, afterwards here more people arrive each
time on rest and making healthy from different cities - Vienna,
Krakova and other cities. The shove of development of Yaremche was a gasket of
railway of Stanislaviv - Yaremche - Vorokhta - Rakhiv in 1894 years. This track
was utillized mainly for industrial requirements - export of the forest in the
different districts of the Avstro-ugorskoy empire.
Beginning of the XX item
symbolized quite a bit changes for a farm - in 1910 year of Yaremche it is
regenerate on gminu
(separate administrative unit of division). Soon a population counted about
1000 persons already. The first world war brought an anxiety in Yaremche - on
territory the fights of austrian and Russian armies were conducted. Until now
in mountains it is possible to see tailings of strengthening, built in this
time. On territory
of Carpathians a few
times the main line of contact passed during war. The Ukrainian sichevi shooters militated on this
In a post-war period a
township began to proceed in the resources - to build resort hotels, private
houses and farmsteads. In 1919 year Yaremche entered in the complement of the
Polish republic. This locality came into the notice of the Polish businessmen
as resting-place. In this time new villas and resort hotels were built with
such names as «Paradise», «Marine eye», «Pier», «Rose», «Warsaw» et al. 2
hotels, 44 resort hotels, 3 sanatoriums, 56 villas and 53 gucul'ski houses, intended for
holiday-makers, were counted in Yaremche. In 1928 year status of resort
locality is given a township, and by a year after Yaremche became a resort.
The second world war
signified for the cities of Carpathians, townships and villages new and
difficult page of history. Carpathians, in particular and Yaremchanskiy region
was territory of leadthrough of battle actions. on Septembers, 3, 1939 territory of Prikarpatska
together with Zakhidnoukrainskimi earths enters in the complement of UKRAINE.
Counting out of soviet history begins in Carpathians. In January, 1940 Yaremche
became a district center. on June, 30 in1941 a city was occupied by the German troops.
In summer in 1943 the soviet partisans of Sumskogo connection of Sidora
Kovpaka, which contested with the German troops operated in fence surrounding
the village of Yaremche, and also with the local
partisans of UPA. on it was July, 26, 1944 Yaremche exempt from the German
troops and passed under control of communist power. A city bore sufficient
severe losses: private houses, resort hotels, stone bridge-viaduct, were
After ІІ world war the
new stage of history begins in a township - soviet menage. With 1960 renewal
and restorations is begun. In 1963 years Yaremche becomes the city of district
submission, in 1977 year gets status of city of regional submission. To
Yaremche the taken is inhabited points Dora, Yamna, Mikulichin, Tatariv,
Yablunicya, Vorokhta, Voronenko, Polyanicya. For period 1960-1980 was built
quite a bit resort hotels, bases of rest, monuments are set to the soviet
major-general of soviet army to Semenu Rudnevu.
With beginning of
independence of Ukraine
from 1990 year the new stage of development - private enterprise and proceeding
in the authentic native consuetudes of local population which was forbidden in
the years of soviet power begins in Yaremche. Today Yaremche - one of the known
cities of Ukraine,
which is famous mountain-skier winter rest, spring summer and summer-autumn
rest and resort.